Effects of forestry operations on dissolved organic carbon concentrations and export in boreal first-order streams

Schelker, J. and Eklof, K. and Bishop, K. and Laudon, H. (2012) Effects of forestry operations on dissolved organic carbon concentrations and export in boreal first-order streams. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 117. ISSN 2169-8953

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of clear-cutting and site preparation on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and export in four boreal headwater streams in northern Sweden. The data set included intensive stream water monitoring from 2 years of pretreatment conditions (2004-2005), a 2 year post-clear-cut period (2006-2007), and a 2 year period after site preparation (2008-2009). To investigate differences in [DOC], an analysis of variance on ranks was performed on the data sets. Clear-cutting increased the median DOC concentrations significantly from 15.9 to 20.4 mg L-1, which represents a net increase (treatment versus control) of 3.0 mg L-1 in the 2006-2007 period. Site preparation had an even more profound effect on DOC levels; an increase from 20.4 to 27.6 mg L-1 was found in the site-prepared catchments, whereas the control sites increased slightly from 17.4 to 21.4 mg L-1 during the wetter years of 2008-2009. Riverine C fluxes increased significantly by 100% after clear-cutting and by 79% after site preparation (92% and 195%, respectively, if compared to pretreatment conditions). When comparing these yearly C fluxes (183 kg C ha(-1) yr(-1) after clear-cutting; 280 kg C ha(-1) yr(-1) after site preparation) to the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of a forest in the region, the DOC flux represented 10% of NEE before harvest, increased to 18% after the clear-cut, and increased to 28% after site preparation. These results underline the large impact of forestry operations on stream water quality as well as DOC exports leaving managed boreal forests.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Future Forest Subject: Skogsbruk i klimatförändringens tid > Natur
Skogsbruk för många olika nyttor > Metoder för skötsel
Depositing User: Christer Enkvist
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 14:23
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 14:23
URI: https://ffpdb.slu.se/id/eprint/3765

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