Woodfuel harvesting: a review of environmental risks, criteria and indicators, and certification standards for environmental sustainability

Lattimore, B. and Smith, C. T. and Titus, B. and Stupak, I. and Egnell, G. (2013) Woodfuel harvesting: a review of environmental risks, criteria and indicators, and certification standards for environmental sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 32 (1/2). pp. 58-88. ISSN 1054-9811

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Abstract

Forest bioenergy feedstock production and harvesting systems range from small-scale fuelwood gathering to large-scale industrial plantations and the potential removal of all available aboveground and belowground biomass from intensively managed forests. Across this wide range of options for production and extraction, there is an equally wide range of potential impacts. It is critical that forest biomass procurement systems do not adversely impact forests or the environment; therefore, effective standards and planning tools, based on the best available scientific knowledge, must be in place to prevent these impacts from being realized, and hence ensure a sustainable industry. Sustainable forest management (SFM) certification schemes are one mechanism for applying measurable environmental standards (in the form of criteria and indicators, or C&I) to forest management systems. How existing SFM certification schemes and frameworks, such as C&I and Adaptive Forest Management, can be used to help guide sustainable biomass operations is discussed. The potential impacts of biomass production and harvesting on soil and water resources, site productivity and biodiversity in the forest, as well as issues related to greenhouse gas balances and global and supply-chain impacts, are evaluated. An example is then given of how principles and criteria for sustainable biomass production can be used to address these potential impacts.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Future Forest Subject: Skogsbruk i klimatförändringens tid > Olika systemlösningar
Skogsbruk för många olika nyttor > Metoder för skötsel
Depositing User: Christer Enkvist
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 14:25
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 14:25
URI: https://ffpdb.slu.se/id/eprint/3889

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