The introduction of modern forest management and clear-cutting in Sweden: Ridö State Forest 1832–2014

Lundmark, Hanna and Josefsson, Torbjörn and Östlund, Lars (2017) The introduction of modern forest management and clear-cutting in Sweden: Ridö State Forest 1832–2014. European Journal of Forest Research. pp. 1-17. ISSN 1612-4677

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The effects of clear-cutting and potential alternatives continue to be hot topics during discussions of forestry and nature conservation. This study presents forest data from Ridön, an island in Lake Mälaren in central Sweden, where forest management and clear-cutting have been applied for almost 200 years. The main objective of the study was to identify changes in forest management and forest conditions over time. The forest transition in Sweden during the 1800s is also covered, and the importance of early forest experiments is discussed, exemplified by Ridön. This study is based on eight forest management plans and maps, from 1832 to 2014. Our results show a transformation from large, continuous areas of heterogeneous forest to small homogeneous stands. Clear-cutting has been the main logging method applied to Ridön for almost 200 years, which is in contrast with the general historical trend of selective cutting preceding clear-cutting in the Nordic countries. Our analysis shows that forestry has changed from the exploitation of resources to sustainable management. Currently, forest management at Ridön aims to create a nature reserve characterized by uneven-aged forest with an increased deciduous component. Hence, the intention is to obtain a forest similar to as it was in 1832. By analyzing spatially precise data on forest stands over long periods and in relation to contemporary silvicultural methods, it is possible to discern the impact of forest management, to understand the drivers of the long-term changes in managed forest, and it also allows for a more educated discussion on today’s forest management.

Item Type: Article
Language: English
Future Forest Subject: Skogsbruk i skärningspunkten mellan dåtid och nutid > Dåtidsstudier
Depositing User: Christer Enkvist
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2017 09:48
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2017 09:48

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